The term "glaucoma" refers to a group of diseases, not a single disease. It is not easy to define the term precisely as it is not as simple as "high pressure" in the eye. The underlying problem is gradual death of nerve cells in the optic nerve or the at least the potential for this degeneration. This can lead to eventual loss of peripheral vision and finally, total blindness. Most forms of glaucoma are associated with high eye pressure. This pressure is measured as part of a complete eye examination. High eye pressure is a risk factor for glaucoma. It is currently the only risk factor for glaucoma which can be altered by treatment.
Koby Karp Doctors Eye Institute specializes in Glaucoma treatment in the Louisville area. Whether you are experiencing Glaucoma symptoms or getting information for a relative or friend, we have provided the information below to answer some of your questions.
Open angle glaucoma (OAG) is the more common category, or the 'garden variety' of glaucoma. This means that the iris cornea angle is open, and flow of fluid is not obstructed before reaching the "angle", where fluid leaves the chamber.
Narrow Angle Glaucoma (Acute Angle Closure and Angle Closure Glaucoma) is the other type of glaucoma. With this form of glaucoma, the angle where fluid is to leave the eye is blocked in some way by the iris edge.
Treatment of most glaucoma patients usually begins with eye drops. There are several commonly used drops, many are once or twice daily doses.
Some patients may be candidates for laser treatment to lower eye pressure. Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty (SLT) is a relatively recent advance in treatment of open-angle glaucoma. Drops can be altered based on effectiveness and side-effects; laser treatment can be used to lower pressure, and surgical treatment is another option for lowering of pressure.
More in depth information can be found on our website.
If you suspect that you may have glaucoma or have a family history of glaucoma, making an appointment for a comprehensive eye exam should be your next step.
Call Koby Karp Doctors Eye Institute to set up an appointment if you are having any problems with your eyesight (502) 897-1604. Most likely, you'll be glad you did!